By Cornelis de Heer
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Additional info for Makar, eudaimon, olbios, eutyches : a study of the semantic field denoting happines in ancient Greek to the end of the 5. century B. C
Means .... rich, or famous; Or. means fortunate". H. Strohm also detects two senses, the usual one of prosperity, and the basic one of god-favoured. e. that there exists a one name-many senses relationship in the word; the whole sense complex must at all times be thought to be present in the users' minds; it is the explicit or implicit context which will bring to the fore one component or another, although never singling out any to the exclusion of all others. In v. 543 all of the components, lofty status, security, permanence (but the last one by no means certain), are present.
2 Radermacher's appeal to Archytas (Stab. Eel. HI 57, 16 H) is not valid,. since it depends on Hellenistic usage, Diels (Vorsokr. I, 439) rejects the fragment concerned as spurious. bility of divine favour. There is a vaguer awareness of lofty status. An instance like Ach. oveL y' &v&po",os demonstrates that the sense of the verb appears to be "to be doing all right for oneself". The explicit sense component of divine favour is completely absent. Herodotus. "'v is possession of riches, which is dominant.
1 I 7tpLIJ ~' ex,6pout:; 7t't"l)~(lL xed U7tE:p~l)lJcd 7tE:p &\layx] e~E:'TacrIXL 'TE: cpLAOUt:; elJ~tlJ' gxoucrt 1J601J. This may be an epitaph to all who die young 1, but it is more probably an utterance of the blackest despair, an utter denial of the possibility of human happiness. It is a very vivid oxymoron in which the poet employs the terms used normally to describe all that is most highly desirable in order to eulogise a negative notion, the absence of trials and tribulations, and death, as the highest good.