By Márton Veress
This ebook presents an summary of lined karst forms, coated karst beneficial properties, functioning of coated karst positive aspects, the evolution of coated karst positive aspects and the advance of lined karst reliefs. The introductory chapters current the features of karst, the investigated components and the utilized equipment. The coated karsts are categorised in response to the standard and improvement of the superficial deposit and its geomorphological place and surroundings. The morphology, improvement, functioning, sediment improvement and the transformation of the karst positive aspects are offered. the connection among the coated karst formation and weather is analyzed; together with the coated karst formation of the tundra weather, taiga weather, temperate sector weather, subtropical, tropical weather and the excessive mountains. The manifestation of the human task on coated karsts is presented.
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Additional info for Covered Karsts
Rules Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 288 p Lundberg J (2009) Coastal karren. In: Ginés A, Knez M, Slabe T, Dreybrodt W (eds) Karst rock features, vol Carsologica, 9, Karren Sculpturing Zalozba ZRC. Institut za raziskovanje krasa ZRC SAZU, Postojna-Ljubljana, pp 249–264 Menkovič L (1994) Glacial traces in the Djeravica area. Prokletije Mountains (in Serbian). Geogr Gadisnjak 30:139–146 Monbaron M, Wildberger A (2009) The karrenfields of the Muota valley: type localities of the main karren types after the nomenclature by Alfred Bögli.
The rocks of the Aggtelek Karst were deposited on the northern coast (Carpathian environment) of the Tethys Ocean, while the rock of the broader environs (Borsod Macrostructural Unit) on the southern coast of the Tethys sea arm (Less 1998). The rocks of the Karst are part of the Szilice Nappe, which is thrust southwards over the Borsod Unit (Kovács 1984) and underwent repeated compression in the Cretaceous and was transformed into secondary nappes (Klippen). They were covered by Oligocene–Miocene marine deposits (Bretka Limestone Conglomerate, Putnok Schlier) and Late Sarmatian volcanic tuff (Sásdi 1990).
The covered karst features include suffosion dolines, shallow dropout dolines and depressions of superficial deposit, which developed in paleodolines filled up to various degrees. Suffosion dolines most commonly occur in partially filled-up paleodolines, but they can also be found on thresholds between paleodolines. In paleodolines where the cover developed only in patches, suffosion and solution doline types may occur side by side. The research sites in the Durmitor were the Surutka (I), the Mlječni do (II, Fig.