By Peter Huber, Danuše Nerudová, Petr Rozmahel
This booklet brings jointly the paintings of researchers in japanese and Western Europe, who examine competitiveness, social exclusion and sustainability from a number views. It examines the main demanding situations confronted via the ecu in its efforts to set up a socially inclusive and greener route to progress and develops coverage ideas to at the same time in attaining the ecu 2020 agenda’s long term targets and deal with the present monetary difficulty in Europe.
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Extra resources for Competitiveness, Social Inclusion and Sustainability in a Diverse European Union: Perspectives from Old and New Member States
5), is it important to note that the indices cannot indicate everything regarding actual competitiveness or the economic performance of analysed countries. The human capital indices are used as a measure of potential for firms when assessing the quality of human resources to be employed in their businesses. Of course, high potential does not guarantee immediate effects on the macroeconomic performance of the countries because there are more factors involved in utilising such potential by internal as well as external firms.
14 Clusters of similar EU countries from the perspective of innovation and development potential (Authors’ calculations, Eurostat, SCImago, OECD PISA) 34 P. Rozmahel et al. Fig. 15 Competitiveness convergence analysis: development of average distances within selected EU country-clusters from the perspective of innovation and development potential in 2000–2012 (Authors’ calculations, Eurostat, World Bank’s Doing Business Database) innovation potential indicators. Heterogeneity in the core and periphery countries is much lower than in the group of core + CEEC, which may be caused by the longer membership of periphery countries in the European Union and “western block”.
23 5 The New Competitiveness Evaluation Concept: Do the EU Countries Have the Potential to Be Competitive from the Perspective of the New Growth Path Strategy for Europe? Do They Differ? Having observed relatively clear divisions among core, periphery and CEEC countries using the cost-based macroeconomic indicators in the first dimension, one might ask whether this rather narrow approach represents a complex evaluation of competitiveness. Answering such a question can include the effects of on-going real and price convergence processes among the catching-up countries towards the EU and Euro area average that may play a role in explaining the rising values of the REER for the CEE countries.