By S. Maatsch
In 2001 Germany and Austria turned the final european states to boost transnational controls limiting entry to their labour markets for electorate of ex-communist international locations. This publication demanding situations anti-immigration discourses to teach that given the excessive percent of expert immigrants, it's the sending instead of the receiving nations who lose out.
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Extra info for Central and East European Migrants’ Contributions to Social Protection
229), there is no evidence that the ‘generosity’ of welfare states inﬂuenced the socio-economic composition of the migrant population. The East–West migration in the late 1980s and early 1990s was also shaped by immigration law of the old member states. The most prominent example was Germany, which granted German citizenship to ‘ethnic Germans’ from the former Soviet Union and some of its satellite states. Once granted German citizenship, immigrants were unconditionally entitled to all types of social protection including social subsistence – contrary to migrants from other EU countries.
The lessons from this review will serve as a foundation for the model of the impact of East–West migration on the ﬁnancing of social policy in the EU member states developed in Chapter 3. This model will help to understand the mechanisms at work and to identify factors that determine whether migration is beneﬁcial for a sending and/or a receiving state’s social protection system. g. fully-funded pension systems) are designed to secure the life standard of persons, other systems inherently redistribute between individuals.
The ﬁrst step to shed some light on the issue is to analyse the different explanations for the existence of redistribution interfering with the ‘natural’ distribution of income. Such a discussion is necessary, though consistently neglected in the literature when treating such sensitive topics as social security or pensions in economic models. In this chapter, we will, in contrast, explore in some detail the different normative theories of redistribution underlying the existing models. Secondly, we will inquire whether or not the fulﬁlment of these ends is compromised by opening the borders for migration.