Catechizing Culture: Missionaries, Aymara, and the New by Andrew Orta

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By Andrew Orta

Nearly 5 centuries after the 1st wave of Catholic missionaries arrived within the New international to unfold their Christian message, modern non secular staff within the Bolivian highlands have began to inspire Aymara Indians to come back to standard ritual practices. All yet eliminated after thousands of years of missionization, the "old methods" are actually considered as neighborhood cultural expressions of Christian values. which will turn into extra Christian, the Aymara needs to now turn into extra Indian.

This groundbreaking examine of the modern stumble upon among Catholic missionaries and Aymara Indians is the 1st ethnography to concentration either at the evangelizers and the evangelized. Andrew Orta explores the pastoral shift clear of liberation theology that ruled Latin American missionization up till the mid-1980s to the hot "theology of inculturation," which upholds the ideals and practices of a supposedly pristine Aymara tradition as indigenous expressions of a extra common Christianity. Addressing crucial questions in cultural anthropology, non secular reports, postcolonial stories, and globalization stories, Catechizing Culture is a worldly documentation of the common shift from the politics of sophistication to the politics of ethnicity and multiculturalism.

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Additional info for Catechizing Culture: Missionaries, Aymara, and the New Evangelization

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Gade 1999). 4 That said, pockets of Quechua speakers in the fertile valleys to the east of the altiplano and near the mining area of Potosí reflect the interest of the Inca and the Spanish in these regions. One can similarly plot variations in social structure within the altiplano region of Bolivia. From northern areas around Lake Titicaca to the vicinity of Potosí in the south, there is a tremendous range of sociocultural forms, spanning small-scale social groups on the order of a community and large-scale a n d e a n l o ca l i t y r e v i s i t e d 31 groupings comprising thousands of people and dozens of such communities.

In altiplano areas south and west of the Río Desaguadero—the northern reaches of the present-day 32 e n ta n g l e d c o m m u n i t i e s LA PAZ Lake Titicaca BENI PAN D O PERU BRAZIL Batallas LA PAZ B E NI LA Jesús Viacha de Machaqa PAZ B O L I V I A LA PAZ COCHABAMBA Río Desaguadero Cochabamba SANTA CRUZ Oruro ORURO Sucre ORURO Toledo PARAGUAY Macha POTOSI TARIJA CORDILLERA MOUNTAIN CHAIN CHILE ARGE NT I NA Sucre Lake Poopo Potosí POTOSI map 1 The Bolivian altiplano (highland plateau) Department of Potosí and portions of the Department of Oruro—larger levels of ayllu organization along with what have been seen as other vestiges of pre-Hispanic social organization predominate.

Bodily space, goes the argument, is about as local as you can get. The challenge I take up here is to link together levels of analysis spanning global processes of colonial and postcolonial missionary entanglement and their unfolding in local arenas and in the situated experiences and practices of embodied agents (see chapters 4 and 6). 22 introduction This focus is also prompted by the issue of religious conversion. 16 Van der Veer (1996:19) underscores the politics of such selfhood, noting, “The topic of conversion allows us to penetrate deeper than usual into the peculiar ambiguities of modern power.

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