Case Studies in Archaeological Predictive Modeling by Philip Verhagen

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By Philip Verhagen

Dutch archaeology has skilled profound adjustments lately. This has ended in an expanding use of archaeological predictive modelling, a method that makes use of information regarding the positioning of recognized early human settlements to foretell the place extra settlements can have been situated. Case stories in Archaeological Predictive Modelling is the fabricated from a decade of labor by way of Philip Verhagen as a consultant in geographical info structures at RAAP Archeologisch Adviesbureau BV, one of many top firms within the box; the case reports provided right here supply an summary of the sector and element to capability destiny components of study.

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Neither the restricted analysis, nor inclusion of the non-visible sites leads to drastic changes in observed site location preference. The most important units for site location are the unstable Pleistocene alluvial fans and terraces, the colluvial deposits, the soft rocks and the loess formations. The observed pattern is distinct, as is demonstrated by the high maximum Kj and gain values observed. It seems that Epipalaeolithic/Mesolithic settlement is strongly concentrated on the intermediate elevations (with the exception of the stable Pleistocene alluvial fans and terraces), avoiding both the humid zones and the hills.

However, it does not provide a relative weighting of the categories according to size. This problem is best illustrated by taking the zero site case: a large unit without sites will be less important for site location than a small unit without sites (in order words, it is statistically more significant). Calculated ps/pa values however, will give a value of 0 for both units, thereby attributing them equal importance. In order to account for this effect, Atwell and Fletcher (1985; 1987) suggested calculating a statistic that is described as a relative weight factor for each map unit.

G. 6). Even so, in some cases the statistical requirements could not be met. In these cases, Yates’ correction has been applied to calculate χ2. It should however be pointed out that in the case of less than 40 observations, the application of χ2, even with Yates’ correction, should be regarded with suspicion. 6. Reclassification of the taphonomic map into 9 categorie 48 CHAPTER 3 N o . 7. Example of the calculation of K j for the Epipalaeolithic and Mesolithic, using the surveyed and trenched zones with the full site sample.

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