By Ernest S. Burch Jr.
In his ultimate, significant book Ernest S. “Tiger” Burch Jr. reconstructs the distribution of caribou herds in northwest Alaska utilizing facts and knowledge from learn performed over the last a number of a long time in addition to assets that predate western technology through a couple of hundred years. also, he explores human and ordinary elements that contributed to the loss of life and restoration of caribou and reindeer populations in this time. Burch presents an exhaustive checklist of released and unpublished literature and interviews that might intrigue laymen and specialists alike. The unflinching overview of the jobs that people and wolves performed within the dynamics of caribou and reindeer herds will surely strike a nerve. Supplemental essays prior to and after the incomplete paintings upload context concerning the writer, the venture of the ebook, and the significance of either.
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Additional info for Caribou Herds of Northwest Alaska, 1850-2000
2003; Lenart and McNeill 2003. Dau 2000; Rattenbury et al. 2009:72. This broad estimate is my own, based on counts and estimates contained in Ayres (2000), Baer (2009), Boudreau (2000), Carroll (2000), Gardner (2000), Persons (2000), Seavoy (2000), and Stephenson (2000). The original estimates were expressed in terms of fairly wide ranges of variation rather than as specific numbers. Comparable data were not available for the relevant sector of [Canada’s] Yukon Territory, so I extrapolated the wolf density estimates from GMUs (Game Management Units) 20E, 25A, 25B, 26C in Alaska to the adjacent Canadian Yukon space.
Protest has been made repeatedly since but the deer are still on the [Buckland] range. (Chance 1926) How many herds are represented in this story? ). ” For purposes of this book, and apparently in most of the records of the Alaska Reindeer Service, the animals that ranged together were considered to belong to the same herd, even when there was segmental ownership. Reindeer herds in Northwest Alaska have ranged in size from less than a dozen to several thousand animals. An example of the latter is the Kivalina-Noatak herd, which, in October 1932, had 43,158 animals actually marked by the herders.
While there are often some problems with the resulting figures, they are, in my judgment, the most reliable estimates, and probably the only reliable estimates ever made of the number of animals in a large aggregation of caribou. Even the estimates made by professional biologists of the number of animals in very large aggregations prior to the development of the aerial photo census technique should be considered suspect, for they had no informed experience (such as that provided by aerial photocensus counts) on which to base their judgment (Anderson 1924:329).