Artifical Intelligence for Human Computing: ICMI 2006 and by Thomas S. Huang, Anton Nijholt, Maja Pantic, Alex Pentland

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By Thomas S. Huang, Anton Nijholt, Maja Pantic, Alex Pentland

This ebook constitutes the completely refereed post-proceedings of 2 occasions discussing AI for Human Computing; one certain consultation throughout the 8th foreign ACM convention on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI 2006), held in Banff, Canada, in November 2006 and a Workshop equipped at the side of the 20 th overseas Joint convention on man made Intelligence (IJCAI 2007), held in Hyderabad, India, in January 2007.

A huge variety of the contributions during this state of the art survey are up-to-date and prolonged types of the papers offered in the course of those occasions. which will receive a extra whole review of study efforts within the box of human computing, a few extra invited contributions are incorporated during this publication on AI for human computing.

The 17 revised papers awarded have been rigorously chosen from a variety of submissions to and shows made on the occasions and comprise invited articles to around off insurance of all proper subject matters of the rising subject. The papers are geared up in 3 components: a component on foundational problems with human computing, a component on sensing people and their actions, and a component on anthropocentric interplay models.

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Extra resources for Artifical Intelligence for Human Computing: ICMI 2006 and IJCAI 2007 International Workshops, Banff, Canada, November 3, 2006 Hyderabad, India,

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From the machine learning algorithm, the accuracy reaches up to 90% from 21 simulated trials. Instinctive Computing 41 Fig. 16. Wearable sensor that detects anomalous events With the growing need for home health care, empathic computing attracts attention from many fields. Recent studies include designing a home for elderly people or people with disabilities [79]. Healthcare systems are looking for an easy and costeffective way to collect and transmit data from a patient’s home. For example, a study [80] shows that the GSM wireless network used by most major cell phone companies was the best for sending data to hospitals from a patient’s home.

Although human alarm pheromones are still debatable, there is no doubt that our instinct often makes us aware of dangerous situations. Our tongue has evolved to have 5,000 taste buds - letting us know what to swallow, and what to spit out [32]. And we also have an instinctive reaction to things which could give us a disease or make us sick. Our feelings of disgust have helped keep us safe for hundreds of generations. People can usually sense trouble with a car from noises, vibrations, or smells.

They act everyday to protect us from danger and keep us fit and healthy. However, we are often barely aware of them. Perhaps the most striking things for us are hidden in our cells. Recent biological studies suggest that mammalian cells indeed possess more intelligence than we can imagine [2]. For example, the cell movement is not random. It is capable of immensely complex migration patterns that are responses to unforeseeable encounters. Cells can 'see', for example, they can map the directions of near-infrared light sources in their environment and direct their movements toward them.

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