By Susan Pollock, Reinhard Bernbeck
Archaeologies of the center East presents an cutting edge creation to the archaeology of this attention-grabbing area and a window on either its prior and current.
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Extra resources for Archaeologies of the Middle East: Critical Perspectives
By the end of this period, the largest city, Uruk, extended over more than 200 ha. and was probably home to at least 20,000 residents. Recording technologies underwent rapid development, with the elaboration of clay tokens and the first appearances of cylinder seals (cylinders with the designs carved around their circumference and rolled to leave an impression [Charvát, this volume]), clay bullae containing tokens, and clay tablets with numerical signs and ultimately writing (Zimansky, this volume).
E. Kassite kings undertook substantial building programs and restorations in several old southern Mesopotamian cities, often following earlier architectural traditions. They also promoted traditional Babylonian religious rituals. Connections with Egypt were advanced by regular contacts and royal marriages that were accompanied by lavish gift-giving as well as more formal trading ties. The distances over which trade and gift-giving connections reached are made clear by finds of Kassite seals at Thebes in Greece and a Mycenaean oxhide ingot in Mesopotamia (Brinkman 1972; Charpin 1995; Sommerfeld 1995).
E. 610–1204) whose Near Eastern possessions included Anatolia and the Levant. The former Provincia Palaestina turned into a favored region in the fourth century, with financial resources flowing to the area because of its importance as the origin of Christianity, the official religion of the Byzantine state. In many places thought to have biblical significance, churches were built, most prominently the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem (Silberman 1995:11). Contemporary synagogues have also been discovered, especially in Galilee and the Golan (Hachlili 1988).