Alexander the Great (Makers of History) by Jacob Abbott

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By Jacob Abbott

The exciting tale of 1 of the main striking figures in historical past. Recounts how Alexander ascended the Macedonian throne on the age of 20, overthrew his rival claimants, after which started arrangements for the excursion opposed to Persia. After defeating Darius, he proceeded to Egypt the place he based Alexandria, then became again into Asia, the place he subdued the main robust countries, and in a span of 11 years conquered just about all of the recognized international. yet, as his fortunes rose, his personality deteriorated, and he died all at once on the age of 33. appropriate for a long time 12 and up.

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All this may be seen distinctly upon the map. The Balkan, or Mount Hæmus, as it was then called, formed the great northern frontier of Macedon and Thrace. From the summits of the range, looking northward, the eye surveyed a vast extent of land, constituting one of the most extensive and fertile valleys on the globe. It was the valley of the Danube. It was inhabited, in those days, by rude tribes whom the Greeks and Romans always designated as barbarians. They were, at any rate, wild and warlike, and, as they had not the art of writing, they have left us no records of their institutions or their history.

The story of Bucephalus, his famous horse, illustrates this in a very striking manner. This animal was a war-horse of very spirited character, which had been sent as a present to Philip while Alexander was young. They took the horse out into one of the parks connected with the palace, and the king, together with many of his courtiers, went out to view him. The horse pranced about in a very furious manner, and seemed entirely unmanageable. No one dared to mount him. Philip, instead of being gratified at the present, was rather disposed to be displeased that they had sent him an animal of so fiery and apparently vicious a nature that nobody dared to attempt to subdue him.

A spirited horse knows immediately when any one approaches him in a timid or cautious manner. He appears to look with contempt on such a master, and to determine not to submit to him. On the contrary, horses seem to love to yield obedience to man, when the individual who exacts the obedience possesses those qualities of coolness and courage which their instincts enable them to appreciate. ALEXANDER AND BUCEPHALUS At any rate, Bucephalus was calmed and subdued by the presence of Alexander. He allowed himself to be caressed.

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