By John M. Hagedorn
“Street gangs replicate the inhuman goals and greed of society’s trendsetters and deities whilst they struggle to the dying over scraps from the desk of the foreign drug alternate. yet John Hagedorn, frequently, additionally unearths wish within the contradictory values of outlaw youth—selflessness, harmony, and love amid cupidity and directionless rage—and he continues the wish tradition of resistance will eventually succeed over the forces of self-destruction. no matter if one stocks his optimism or now not, he makes a compelling case that the way forward for the realm should be decided at the streets of our cities.” —Mike Davis, from the Foreword
“A global of Gangs is an illuminating trip round the cultures, lives, tragedies, and goals of thousands of rebellious formative years round the planet. it's an essential paintings to appreciate the area we are living in and crucial studying for college kids of towns and communities.” —Manuel Castells
For the greater than a thousand million those who now dwell in city slums, gangs are ubiquitous beneficial properties of way of life. although nonetheless such a lot heavily linked to American towns, gangs are an entrenched, world wide phenomenon that play an important function in a variety of actions, from drug dealing to extortion to spiritual and political violence. In an international of Gangs, John Hagedorn explores this foreign proliferation of the city gang due to the ravages of globalization.
Looking heavily at gang formation in 3 global cities-Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown-he discovers that a few gangs have institutionalized as a technique to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. particularly, Hagedorn unearths, the nihilistic attraction of gangsta rap and its road ethic of survival “by any potential necessary” offers very important insights into the ideology and endurance of gangs worldwide. This groundbreaking paintings concludes on a hopeful word. presenting ways that gangs should be inspired to beat their violent developments, Hagedorn appeals to neighborhood leaders to exploit the urgency, outrage, and resistance universal to either gang lifestyles and hip-hop with a purpose to convey gangs into broader activities for social justice.
John M. Hagedorn is affiliate professor of legal justice on the collage of Illinois, Chicago. he's editor of Gangs within the worldwide urban and writer of the hugely influential humans and other people: Gangs, Crime, and the Underclass in a Rustbelt City.
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Additional info for A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture
Warlords, Drug Lords, Triads, and Gangs In the United States, Europe, South Asia, Latin America, and Africa, the complex conditions we lump together under the term globalization give rise the problem with definitions 27 to or support the prevalence of a bewildering lineup of gangs and other similar armed groups. Warlords The “retreat of the state” can hardly be used to describe sub-Saharan Africa, since many states have never been strong to begin with. ”20 Independence produced states and rulers that were propped up by some combination of foreign investment, military aid, and corruption.
Then and now. Polarization, Social Exclusion, and the Retreat of the State In the United States, criminology has used the term social disorganization to describe the conditions for the growth of youth gangs. 17 The notion of social disorganization has some intuitive charm. The concept is that gangs form out of unsupervised peer groups, which are unsupervised because the formal institutions of society—schools, church, family—break down. When large-scale immigration from the countryside to cities takes place, the immigrants’ traditional institutions are shattered, and the new urban institutions are not yet strong enough to replace them, especially for the acculturating children.
I’m out for myself. ”65 Law enforcement oﬃcials have periodically crowed about their success in breaking up gangs in Chicago, Cape Town, and Rio de Janeiro. 66 In Cape Town, the intense pressure put on the gangs by PAGAD and then their banning by the ANC resulted in further gang decentralization, which was seen by some law enforcement observers not as a good thing but as “a necessary strategy” by the gangs to allow themselves to survive. ” Signiﬁcantly, as I write in 2006, gangs in all three cities show no signs of going away.