By Saskia Sassen
This groundbreaking research makes a speciality of the significance of position, scale, and state to the learn of globalization. Sassen identifies units of strategies that make up globalization: the 1st and in most cases studied set of approaches is worldwide associations, from the international alternate association to the battle Crime Tribunals; the moment and not more usually explored set of methods happen on the nationwide and neighborhood point, together with country financial coverage, small-scale activism that has an specific or implicit worldwide schedule, and native politics. Emphasizing the interaction among international and native phenomena, Sassen insightfully examines new varieties and stipulations comparable to worldwide towns, transnational groups, and commodity chains. This specified method of globalization deals new interpretive and analytic instruments to appreciate the complexity of world interdependence. Sociology of Globalization is half of the modern Societies sequence.
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Extra info for A Sociology of Globalization (Contemporary Societies Series)
8 My central claim is that the chairmanship as an institution in political decision-making should be understood as a functional response to collective-action problems in decentralized bargaining. When designing international negotiation bodies, states create the office of the chairmanship and delegate powers of process control to this office, in the expectation that it will mitigate problems of agenda failure, negotiation failure, and representation failure. Agenda failure refers to the absence of progress in negotiations because of shifting, overcrowded, or underdeveloped agendas.
Second, regardless of decision rule, negotiation chairs with central preferences will find it relatively easier than chairs with extreme preferences to promote agreements that also satisfy their distributional interests. Third, where formal leaders with outlier interests function as representatives in negotiations with external parties, the preferences of the external counterpart may both improve and worsen the chair’s chances of obtaining its preferred outcome. The external party expands the chair’s room for maneuver if it holds preferences that are more radical, whereas it reduces the chair’s room for maneuver if its 48 On the implications of decision rules for bargaining patterns and outcomes, see Hopmann 1996, ch.
17 The issues that are up for negotiation in international politics can seldom be reduced to one dimension. Instead, negotiations on regional integration, trade liberalization, security management, and environmental protection tend to be multidimensional, and it is common that coalition patterns shift depending on what dimension of an issue is being considered. The primary functional solution to the problem of agenda failure is the institutionalization of procedures for agenda control. 19 15 16 17 18 19 Winham 1977, 88–89.