By Richard Black, Godfried Engbersen, Marek Okólski, Cristina Pantîru
A Continent relocating West? argues that the conceptualization of migration as a one-way or long term strategy is changing into more and more large of the mark. particularly, east-west exertions migration in Europe, in universal possibly with different flows in and from different components of the realm, is assorted, fluid, and stimulated via the dynamics of neighborhood and sector-specific hard work markets and migration-related political laws. The papers during this booklet give a contribution to severe realizing of the east-west migration in the ecu Union after the 2004 growth, from the hot to the previous member states.
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Extra info for A Continent Moving West?: EU Enlargement and Labour Migration from Central and Eastern Europe
Therefore, the earlier tendency towards undocumented employment in the sector was reinforced and became widespread in the period of recession. According to GUS estimates, in 2004, 372,000 people were working illegally in various branches of construction: building and installation services and renovation and home repairs, including ‘neighbourhood services’ (GUS 2005). Presently, the scale of this phenomenon is such that the construction sector takes second or third place in all branches of economy as far as the ratio of undeclared labour is concerned (Kus 2006).
Research Center for Arts and Culture. ) (2007), Flexicurity and beyond: Finding a new agenda for the European social model. Copenhagen: DJØF Publishing. Johnston, Lisa, K. Sabin, M. Hien & P. Huong (2006), ‘Assessment of respondent driven sampling for recruiting female sex workers in two Vietnamese cities: Reaching the unseen sex worker’, Journal of Urban Health 83 (Supp 1): 16-28. Kaczmarczyk, Pawel & Marek Okólski (2008), Economic impacts of migration on Poland and the Baltic states. Fafo-paper 2008:01.
Poles working legally for Norwegian firms have lower wages than the industry average, they usually do not get compensated for their skills or education, and there is much to indicate that they are expected to work longer hours than their native colleagues. But examples of exploitation and bad working conditions are few in this group. On the other hand, there is a secondary sector in the periphery of the Norwegian labour market consisting of temporary posted and self-employed workers not covered by the transitional restrictions and often working illegally without residency permits and without paying tax.