A Concise History of the Middle East (7th Edition) by Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.

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By Arthur Goldschmidt Jr.

The 7th variation of Arthur Goldschmidt’s extensively acclaimed textual content has been generally revised to mirror the newest scholarship and the latest occasions within the center East, together with a cultured dialogue of the lifestyles and challenge of the Prophet Muhammad and a rationalization of the points of the Palestinian-Israeli clash. As an creation to the background of this turbulent zone from the beginnings of Islam to the current day, the publication is special via its transparent variety, huge scope, and balanced therapy. Written for college kids, the textual content assumes no earlier wisdom of heart jap background. It makes a speciality of the evolution of Islamic associations and tradition, the effect of the West, the modernization efforts of heart japanese governments, the fight of varied peoples for political independence, the process the Arab-Israeli clash, the reassertion of Islamic values and gear, the aftermath of the Gulf battle, and concerns surrounding the Palestinian query. This variation additionally contains a precise and up-to-date chronology, a thesaurus of names and phrases, and a bibliographic essay directory books and different resources that may end up invaluable to either lecturers and scholars. Maps, tables, and figures improve the price of this variation.

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Other early converts were Abu-Bakr,Muhammad’s best friend and a man of wealth and social standing; Arkam, a young memberof a strong clan, who let the Muslims meet at his home; Umar, an imposing figure from a weak clan; Uthman, an elegant but quiet youth of the powerful Umayyad family; Bilal,an Ethiopian slave set free by Abu-Bakr; and Zayd ibn Harithah, a captured Christian Arab whom Muhammadadopted. TheProphet of Mecca 9 33 Even if the early Muslims had kept a low profile, they would have attracted thenotice-and hostility-of Mecca’s leaders.

Sixth-Century Conditions The political situation in Arabia then ranged from complex to chaotic. The last of the great south Arabian kingdoms was reduced in 525 to an Ethiopian dependency. Three outside powers contended for control: the Byzantine Empire, champion of Orthodox Christianity; Sasanid Persia, ruled by Zoroastrians but harboring Nestorian Christians, Jews, Buddhists, dissident Manichaeans, and other sects; and Ethiopia, which espoused the same Monophysite Christianity as the Byzantines’ rebellious 26 9 TheMiddleEastBeforeMuhammad Egyptian subjects, the Copts.

Although the humanspecies probably originated in Africa, the main breakthroughs to civilization occurred in theMiddle East. It is here that moststaple food crops were initially cultivated, mostfarm animals first domesticated, and the earliest agriculturalvillages founded. Here, too, arose the world’s oldest cities, the first governments, and the earliest religious and legal systems. Writing and thepreservation of records were Middle Eastern inventions. Without them history would beinconceivable.

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