By Roger A. Freeman
One of many first Thunderbolt teams to determine motion within the eu Theatre of Operations (ETO) with the U.S. military Air Forces, the 56th Fighter workforce (FG) was once additionally the single fighter unit in the 8th Air strength to stay outfitted with the powerful P-47 till war’s finish. Led by way of the inspirational ‘Hub’ Zemke, this workforce used to be liable for devising a few of the bomber escort strategies hired by way of VIII Fighter Command among 1943 and 1945. via VE-Day the 56th FG had shot down a hundred extra enemy airplane than the other staff within the 8th Air strength, its pilots being credited with 677 kills in the course of 447 missions. The exploits of this elite fighter unit are targeted during this quantity including photos, their airplane profiles and insignia.
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Additional resources for 56th Fighter Group (Osprey Aviation Elite, Volume 2)
Germany’s 20 Leningrad During the Second World War annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland in 1938 following the Munich Conference, to which Stalin was not invited, alarmed the Kremlin by raising suspicions that Britain and France, in pursuing politics of appeasement vis-à-vis Germany, were content to let Hitler drive eastward. 8 On 24 July 1938, German airmen photographed all parts of the city and focused their lenses in particular on the sea canal, the harbor, and the Kronstadt naval base, which was located about fifteen miles west of Leningrad in the Gulf of Finland.
Once the pivotal battle for Stalingrad took shape in September 1942, neither side made Leningrad a top priority. Germany lacked the means to renew an offensive to take Leningrad, and although the Lake Ladoga supply route was fortified and the Red Army pierced the blockade south of the lake so that a makeshift rail line could be extended to the city in February 1943, Soviet supply to the Leningrad sector proved insufficient to liberate Leningrad until January 1944. We have tried to summarize succinctly yet comprehensively the crucial events of Leningrad’s war experience in Chapter 1 and to situate them between the transformations and upheavals of the late 1930s and the postwar Leningrad Affair.
Almost from the moment that the Bolsheviks came to power, they relied heavily on forced allocation, or mobilization, of materials and personnel to meet their goals. War Communism helped carry the Communists to victory in the Civil War, although in 1921 it gave way to the less coercive New Economic Policy. During the first Five Year Plan and the collectivization of agriculture, which commenced in 1928–29, the USSR built a command economy, in which the state gained control of almost all of the means of agricultural and industrial production.